Afgoye Report june 11-20171 (By ARDO)

Agricultural Resources Development Organization

منظمة تنمية الخيرات الزراعية
Safe use of pesticides Training in Afgoe
{Date of Submission on June 11 -2017}

Abstract – on 09 June to 11 June 2017 Safe use of pesticide training was conducted by ARDO board directors, in the aim of ensuring the concrete situations of food production and availability of primary education in Afgoe villages, the training was undertaken in a form of oral questions dissecting the panel discussion among the residents and board directors.
Significance of Findings– it has a great significance to study the main problems of food crop production, way of plant protection, misuse of pesticides and availability of going to schools, we have mobilized recording the needs of residents and to give farmers helpful trainings on their food crop production and livelihood securing.

 

Introduction

Background:- Balballey –Afgoye is strategic agricultural district in Lower Shabele region far about 30km from north of Mogadishu that situated along river Shebelle most of community are habitants in reverie, their livelihood depend on Agriculture, Afgoe farmers faced plant pest problems awing to lack of skills using organic pesticides, unreliable safe pesticides, unsolved plant disorders, and terrible crop pest insects,
More Children in Balballey village are out of schools because of lack of schools in their village while others are closed for lack of salary for the teachers,
This training also came as necessary surveying for recording exact situation of food crop production and child out of schools, to struggle against droughts , creation and promotion primary and intermediate schools over there, to promote farmer skill and scheme of farming,
ARDO members went to Afgoe fulfilling Training on Safe use of Pesticides, ARDO met with Balballeey farmers recording the gab of the farming development and irresistible problems with the farmers, thought our training was about” Safe use of pesticides” we prolonged deeply to investigate the harmful pesticides and health risks barked by the chemical misuse, Balballey residents said that this training was the most important training ever held there, we have been using chemical pesticides with unprotected cloth naked face, hands and legs, also we used to pour water into the cans after using for chemical pesticides said by the farmers that have been working in plant protection from while a go,
Then ARDO have enlighten to them ways to use chemical pesticides safety, time to use, and what it can destruct and protect, Farmers use Disis, 050melathion that causes for the plant protector illness if misused, 1-headache 2-more hungry 3- backbone ache 4- nausea, 5-caugh and so many other harms on the farmers, few farmers got skin and respiratory diseases caused by the hot poison of Disis and Melathion that are commonly used in Balballey- Afgoe,

PEST MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN BALBALLEY-AFGOYE

Somali villagers and farmers are bombarded by pests, ranging from those that feast on their crops in the field to those that infest crops in storage, and from parasites and disease vectors affecting livestock to vectors of human diseases. More sporadic, but highly devastating, are massive pest plagues. This section briefly addresses these disparate but related issues.
Agricultural Crop Protection. In the field, legumes such as beans are attacked by insects that bore into pods, chew leaves, and roll and mine stems. Maize is attacked by stem-boring moth larvae that cause stems to lodge young stalk-cutting insects like armyworms, while ears are eaten by moth larvae known as earworms. Aphids, mealybugs and leafhoppers suck sap from all plants and transmit debilitating diseases to them. Grasshoppers eat almost every species of plant, chewing leaves, stems and seed heads completely. Cucumber beetles and squash bugs attack various melons and squashes, damaging the fruit and spreading plant diseases. Beetle larvae, called white grubs, and wire worms in the soil attack plant roots, weakening the plants, and chew holes through tubers like yams. Millets and sorghum seed heads are attacked by blister beetle larvae and birds. Mammals such as, monkeys and rodents can also cause devastating losses under certain circumstances.
Somali farmers who do use pesticides on their crops most often apply them with hand-pumped backpack sprayers, with ultra low volume (ULV) sprayers, or by hand, using powder formulations. These sprayers may be purchased individually by larger holders or shared through smallholder farmer cooperatives. Unless development projects are paying, there is generally no larger pesticide equipment, such as motorized backpack or truck-mounted sprayers: these are far too costly for most smallholder and even larger-holder farmers to buy and maintain.
Most farmers do not use safety equipment or gloves when applying these pesticides. Even if they do, toxic residues remain from previous sprayings because they have too little water for cleaning and lack cautionary training. They also usually do not know how to calibrate (adjust) the sprayers correctly so they will apply the right amount of pesticide. As a result, they often apply too much, wasting the pesticide and increasing the danger to humans and the environment.
In addition, backpack sprayers leak in various places—at the top loading end of the tank; where the outlet hose is connected; along the hose, especially where the hand-operated flow regulator attaches; and from the nozzle. Pesticides spill down the sides of the tank when filling and mixing and are not wiped off. If any of these leak or spill sources are not mitigated, and bare skin or clothing is exposed to the concentrated pesticide, the farmer will be poisoned.
The accompanying chapter on IPM contains lists of techniques and resources for controlling pests with few or no pesticides; this chapter contains lists of both chemical pesticides and botanical pesticides that may work to regulate pests by repelling or killing them. Projects should try to combine several techniques, in an integrated way, for optimal pest management at reduced cost and risk. Experimenting with the “push-pull” technologies described in the IPM chapter should yield very useful pest management approaches. Project managers should not forget about opportunities for their clients to sell organic and lucrative overseas markets, if Pesticides are sometimes necessary to maximize agriculture production or protect stored food. But they should always be handled with care.

 

Chemicals exposure health risk problems

=Chemicals can cause  serious health problems if they are not handled properly        -=Chemicals inter the body through the mouth, nose, skin and eyes                               =Certain chemicals can accumulate in the body damaging the respiraton and nervous systems

 

 

What is pesticide “use” methods

It is important to note that the “use” to include all direct or actual use or acquisition of pesticides, including handling, transporting, storing, mixing, loading, applying and disposing of them, as well as cleaning up spray equipment. It also includes any indirect support for pesticide use, such as providing fuel for transporting pesticides and giving technical assistance to pesticide management operations. An environmental review is required when operations is being fulfilled.
In contrast, support for limited pesticide research and pesticide regulatory activities is not subject to scrutiny under the pesticide procedures. Likewise, ARDO may provide support to train people in safer pesticide use without environmental review when the training does not involve actual application of pesticides.
The most harmful terrible insects
Some insects are very sensitive and became unprotected while they hear the scuff of slipper or a sound they start to run out getting back after spraying , Grasshopper is a among those harmful and terrible insects, white fly and Some beetles got unmanaged with the 050Melathion and Disis,
Some harmful pests in the soil 1-Grubs 2-termite 3- moles
The Purpose of the surveying
ARDO masterminded this surveying and Training to record the gabs and existing problems with Afgoe farmers, it is to achieve development through better cultivation,
For pesticide misuse health risk problems,
For educational purpose, theoretical assumption and situational background of Afgoe farms for ARDO organization.
It was one of our work plan and most crucial step for agricultural development fulfilled by ARDO volunteers,

LIMITATIONS OF THE SURVEY

Limitations of this survey are:-
Lack of Finance for the training expansion over villages under Afgoye.
Poor security
Lack of based office for the NGO
CONCLUSION
Our review found that regardless of study design, the safe use of pesticides training for Afgoe farmers, Safe use of pesticides training that has been carried out by ARDO aims to bring about increased agricultural production and consequently to improve the economic social and environmental well-being of our population.
ARDO surveying techniques and trainings plays important role in meeting the growing demand for food to and to achieve long-term food security. The high yields obtained through skillful methods and other benefits such as increase incomes, employment creation and food security are indication that Agricultural Resources Development Organization can bring sustainable agriculture and economic development with sever effect on the environment while lack of motivated team of agriculturalists, or poor farming system are opposite.
ARDO is mobilized for agriculturalist youth empowering, permanent hardworking, and motivating the farmers to cultivate their own farms through skills and schemes of farming,

RECOMMENDATIONS:

Based on the findings and discussions of the Surveying, the following recommendations were made:
 To use skillful plant protection should be practiced to avoid loss of healthy yield and economically improvement,
 To build important background for plant protection staff using best uses of safety for pesticides,
 To improve “ Go to School campaign in Afgoe district”
 To give Proper training and techniques are recommended to the farmer’s development agent.
 Community may study methods of plant protection through safety ways.
 To give awareness to the farmers that misuse of pesticides can bring outbreak of disease among the community of farmers,
 To use any possible protective cloth for pesticide spraying time.
 To use Organic pesticides to avoid the risk of Chemical exposure.
 To elevate the knowledge of the Afgoe Area,
 We have recommended ever green trees for pest control, such a neem tree,
Neem tree or lilac Indian is mainly used for pest control like white flies, beetles leaf miners, grasshopper and so many other destructive insects.

BY: ARDO TEAM 

 

 

 

 

 

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